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Termite species are best identified by their own soldier termites, which gets the most prominent features.
These termites are commonly distributed throughout Victoria, and are responsible for more than 80 per cent of irreparable harm to buildings.
Coptotermes soldiers have brown, saber-like jaws. They measure 3.56.5 millimeters in length. When upset, these soldiers yank a white, rubbery glue-like substance from their pear-shaped heads.
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Coptotermes build nests in trees (preferring eucalypts), stumps, under concrete flooring, in wall cavities or enclosed verandahs.
These termites travel at least 50 metres in the colony via a series of underground tunnels to find food. Coptotermes acinaciformis send substantial numbers to new food resources and, therefore, respond strongly to lure. In contrast, Coptotermes frenchi explore broadly for new food sources and feed lightly at numerous points.
Nasutitermes exitiosus is common north of the Great Dividing Range. They construct dark, thin-walled mound nests between 30 cm and 75 cm above ground. These mounds are around 1m in diameter.
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This is Victorias biggest species of termite, occasionally called dampwood termite. They are normally found nesting in massive parts of timber (particularly older trees) and are most common in wet, mountainous areas. They may, however, also be found in the dry foothills of Melbourne.
Porotermes tend to live in colonies than other species, and do not construct shelter tubes or traveling far underground. They are more easily controlled than other species.
A mature colony of Schedorhinotermes will possess two distinct sizes of soldiers, also called major and minor soldiers. Major soldiers grow up to 5.6 mm long, while minor soldiers are only 3.6 mm long. The two kinds of soldier have mandibles.
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Schedorhinotermes are harmful and relatively nomadic, rather than maintaining a fixed, central nest.
Heterotermes are widely distributed throughout Australia. But , they are only a significant pest species in the Northern Territory.
The soldiers of the species are up to 4.75 mm long, with lengthy, dark jaws and parallel-sided heads.
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Heterotermes live in tiny colonies that attack fence posts, timber flooring, and paling fences within a small radius of the nest. They are commonly found because they feed on small timbers on the ground surface.
Dusts work to control termites since they ingest and distribute the insecticide among the colony during habitual grooming.
Insect growth-regulator dusts (like Triflumuron) and non-repellent termiticides are the safest methods of termite dust control for the human consumer.
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Arsenic trioxide dust has been used since the 1930s to control termites, often with the addition of ferric oxide or another colourant. However, arsenic trioxide is a poisonous, highly toxic elemental pesticide that does not degrade.
Baiting is often the ideal way to kill an attacking colony when the main nest website cannot be found. Bait stations also let you collect samples of termites for species identification.
Bait stations consist of containers of cellulose materials like timber, paper or cellulose gel which are either buried in the ground near the building under assault or carefully positioned inside near known damage.
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Bait generally utilize slow-acting, non-detectable toxins in order that the nearly complete colony can be poisoned before adverse effects appear. Repellent termiticide formulations such as those of all pyrethroids are not as colony control agents. Care has to be taken not to cross contaminate baits with even tiny residues of other pesticides.
Baiting does not provide a practical barrier. The baits do not isolate the building since termites continue to be able to access the structure. For long-term structural protection, barriers are preferred.
Chemical barriers function by applying an unbroken boundary of pesticide around the outside of an infested arrangement. This makes a zone or band of toxic soil that the termites cannot cross. Creating an effective chemical barrier may involve trenching around the foundations of this construction, and injecting the chemical into the ground through holes drilled in concrete foundations. .
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Termites work through the treated soil unaware they are picking up a poisonous compound. This greatly lessens the termite population and might destroy the colony.
Repellent chemicals, for example Bifenthrin, are commonly used as barriers. Non-repellent termiticides, for click site example Imidacloprid and Fipronil, can be resilient where protection is uncertain (as an instance, where the chemical is injected through concrete).
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Soil may also be treated with a chemical barrier prior to building construction. Bifenthrin is commonly used for this function; Imidacloprid is often employed for the exposed perimeter of a new arrangement.
This technique isolates the termite colony from a building by creating a complete barrier around or beneath a buildings foundations that termites cannot cross.